Let’s be honest none of us like any sort of dental problem yet the most neglected part of our human body is our teeth. Just brushing your teeth isn’t enough for your teeth. Dental Cavity is seriously damaged regions of your teeth’ hard surface that grow into small gaps or holes. Cavities, also known as tooth decay or caries, are caused by a number of causes, including germs in your mouths, frequent eating, drinking sugary drinks, and failing to properly clean your teeth. Cavities and dental decay are some of the most frequent health issues in the globe. They are most prevalent among children, teens, and the elderly. Cavities, however, may affect anybody who has teeth, even newborns.so first you need to know the reason and symptoms of a dental cavity.
Reason for cavities:
There can be multiple reasons for cavities. Such as:
- Dental plaque formation
This is one of the most popular reasons for a dental cavity. Dental plaque is a transparent, slimy substance that forms on the surface of your teeth. It’s because you consume a lot of sweets and carbohydrates and don’t clean your teeth properly. When molecules such as glucose are not removed from your teeth, bacteria feed on them and build plaque. Plaque that remains on your teeth can solidify into tartar under or above your gum line. Tartar makes plaque removal more difficult and acts as a barrier for germs. If it worsens then you might need to pluck your tooth out or even wear dental braces.
- The attack of the plaque
Plaque acids dissolve minerals in the hard, outer enamel of your teeth. This degradation creates microscopic gaps or holes in the enamel, which is the initial stage of cavity formation. When portions of enamel are worn away, germs and acid can access the dentin layer of your teeth. This layer is softer than enamel and less acid-resistant. Dentin has small tubes that interact directly with the nerve of the tooth, producing sensitivity.
- Destruction continues
As tooth decay progresses, bacteria and acid keep moving through your teeth, close to the internal tooth substance, which includes nerves and blood vessels. Bacteria cause the internal substance to swell and become irritating and painful. Because there is nowhere for swelling to develop inside a tooth, the nerve becomes squeezed, resulting in discomfort. Uneasiness might even go to the bone from the tooth root. Hence the dental cavity.
Symptoms of cavities
There are certain symptoms by which you can guess that you might have a cavity and rush to your dentist as soon as you can. Now, these symptoms can vary depending on their location and extent. As the decay gets larger, it may cause signs and symptoms such as:
- You will feel sensitivity toward something hot or cold in your teeth.
- The most obvious symptom is a terrible toothache. You might get a fever due to this toothache. At first, this pain will seem to appear out of nowhere.
- As mentioned before you will feel a mild or sharp pain in your teeth when you have something hot, cold, or sweet.
- If you see holes or a black substance on your teeth then it is a clear indication of a dental cavity.
- Brown, black or white staining on any surface of a tooth is another symptom of this dental disease.
- And lastly, if you feel a sharp pain in your teeth when you bite into something.
It is recommended that if you feel even one of the above mentioned symptoms you should consult with your dentist right away. Because only they can know what is best for your dental health and prescribe medications accordingly. If you neglect these and continue to live upon painkillers, it will not only affect your dental health but also other organs. Cavities are prevalent in young toddlers and adolescents. Senior citizens are also at a higher risk. Teeth might wear down and gums can recede with time, rendering teeth more prone to root rot. In addition, older individuals are more likely to use medicines that decrease saliva flow, increasing the risk of tooth decay. So you should be very careful about your dental cavity.